ABA-Based Services and Supports Delivery Model Includes:

  • One A Comprehensive Assessment of the child/youth’s Needs and Strengths (CANS)
  • A Functional Assessment (FA) prior to service delivery, as it is important to understand the function of a behavior or identify skill deficits in order to develop effective interventions.
    • Functional Assessment (FA) is an evidence-based practice designed to identify events that precede and follow behaviour.
    • Functional Assessment (FA) includes indirect (i.e. interview) and direct (i.e. observation) measures.
  • Promotion of the acquisition, generalization and maintenance of the skills.
  • Specific, Measureable, Attainable, Realistic, Timely (SMART) goals.
  • Direct service by implementing an ABA-based treatment plan to model responses for parents/caregivers to implement
  • Mediator model training to teach parents/caregivers on how to apply the principles of ABA (i.e., tactics and strategies) in order to help their child/youth maintain or generalize the development of specific skills in the areas of:
    • Behaviour management/emotional regulation,
    • Communication,
    • Social/interpersonal,
    • Activities of Daily Living (ADL).

The Mediator Model:

  • Teaches parents, educators, or caregivers the skills for supporting children/ youth with ASD who have behavioural excesses and/ or skill deficits.
  • Focuses on several ABA skills such as conducting functional assessments (Iwata, Wallace, Khang, Lindberg, Roscoe, Connors, et. al., 2000), implementing skill acquisition programs (Gilligan, Luiselli, & Pace, 2006; LeBlanc, Ricciardi, & Luiselli, 2005; Sarokoff & Sturmey, 2004), and implementing behavior intervention plans (Codding, Feinberg, Dunn, & Pace, 2005).
  • Uses a Behavioural Skills Training (BST) approach

Behaviour Skills Training (BST):

  • Training “on the job” or in situ (Miltenberger, 2011; Reid, 2004).
  • Steps outlining the effective use of Behavioural Skills Training (BST) procedures include:
    • Instruction – identify skill/ goal and describe steps to implement ABA strategies
    • Model – behave (use ABA-based strategies) precisely the way you want the mediator to behave
    • Rehearsal – have the mediator practice (in the “real” environment)
    • Feedback – provide descriptive praise and instructions for improvement
    • Repeat rehearsal & feedback process

More Information:

John Waller, Program Manager – Autism Services

North East Regional Ontario ABA Program

705-789-9985 ext. 5820 or 1-866-626-9100

johnw@onekidsplace.ca

 

The North East Regional Autism Services are delivered by the lead agency One Kids Place Children’s Treatment Center in partnership with North Eastern Ontario Family & Children’s Services and Payukotayno James & Hudson Bay Family Service